What is site-based or school-based management?
Site-based or school-based management shifts decision making authority from the central office to the schools. It reverses a trend, evident at least since the mid - 1960's, to try to improve school performance through general-purpose instructures of public policy - regulation, mandate, enforcement, and legal action. According to the theory of site-based management, all decisions of educational consequence are to be made at the school and none may be compelled by regulation in the district. In practice however, it may be understood as a relative term, i.e., as an increase in the number or importance of decisions made at the school level.
1. Under the concept
the principal as a site manager,
the principal as the site manager was reinforced by the school
2. Under the philosophy of lay control, parents control site policy because they are the consumers and care most deeply about policies at schools their children attend. Parent school-site councils deliberate and decide on school level policy.
3. Under school-site policymaking by teachers, teachers form a school-site senate and allocate funds and personnel as well as decide instructional issues. School-site policymaking by teachers also enhances the professional image and self-concept of teachers.
4. Under a philosophy of parity, no one party should control the school entirely. Teachers, administration, and parents should have parity on a school-site council that reaches agreement through bargaining and coalitions. At the high school level, students may be included. All factors deserve a place at the table, and the best arguments should prevail.
Copyright 2010 PACE / Project Appleseed, the National Campaign for Public School Improvement, a 501 (c) (3) Nonprofit All Rights Reserved.
Copyright © 2010 Project Appleseed - All Rights Reserved